Citizenship indicates the link between a person and a particular State, link that is designated by the expression: State of citizenship or, in latin, cividatis status. Citizenship is used to obtain, if one is abroad, the protection of the diplomatic or consular authorities of his country and is the source of a series of rights and obligations. From the moment that the citizenship is the origin of the political rights and often also of the civil rights, it is important know how is acquired. Citizenship can be original, acquired from the moment of birth, or can be derived, or that is acquired later to birth, based on a particular factor, such as, for example, marriage with a foreigner. In the first case, the States can use the criterion of jus sanguinis or jus soli.
In the second, citizenship is acquired mainly by naturalization, which can be, in turn, voluntary if it derives from the choice of the person or automatically, when the grants a State to a person who already holds another citizenship, to verify a fact provided by law. Jure Sanguinis according to law N? 91 of 5 February 1992, is considered an Italian citizen that individual parents son Italian citizens, (whether they are great grandfathers, great-grandparents, grandparents and father), without limits of generation via male. However children born before January 1, 1948 are Italian citizens only if they were born of Italian father, since the Italian woman transmitted citizenship to children only from that date. It is said that the children of Italian women born before 1948 have no right to take such citizenship. However there are three failures which recognized as Italian children of Italian mother born before 01/01/1948. Instead the transmission of citizenship through paternal line Iure Sanguinis not foresee limits, but does not support generation jumps, that is that none of the ascendants should never had resigned from the Italian citizenship. Note: Children of Italian mother born before 01/01/1948 article courtesy of: citizenship Express processing and acquisition of European citizenship. Original author and source of the article